Uploading Images to Firebase Cloud Storage With Nuxt

Uploading Images to Firebase Cloud Storage With Nuxt cover image

Photo by Héctor J. Rivas on Unsplash

You may have noticed that my posts normally will have a cover image. Originally, I did things manually where I would upload the images using the Firebase Console, obtain the download URL, and use it on the blog. It wasn't complicated but it sure can be improved, so I recently added a way to upload the cover images to Cloud Storage directly from a form.

My new blog form with tiptap and an image file input element

(My new blog form with tiptap and an image file input element)

File element

The file element is one of those things that's a bit troublesome to style and in most cases you'd find it more practical to just hide it completely, which is what I did for my blog. The technique is common and is simply hiding the file input element and having another element trigger a click event on the file input element.

The snippet below demonstrates the use of this technique. In addition, a preview of the image and a delete button is added to create this "compound" element, which greatly enhances an otherwise plain file input element.

I'm using Tailwind CSS. You can refer to its documentation for the effects of the CSS classes used.

  <div class="mb-4">
    <label for="imageUrl">Image</label>
    <div v-if="blog.imageUrl">
      <!-- A preview of the image. -->
      <img :src="blog.imageUrl" class="w-24 md:w-32 h-auto object-cover inline-block" alt="">
      <!-- Delete button for deleting the image. -->
        class="bg-red-500 border-red-300 text-white"
        {{ isDeletingImage ? 'Deleting...' : 'Delete' }}
    <!-- Clicking this button triggers the "click" event of the file input. -->
      {{ isUploadingImage ? 'Uploading...' : 'Upload' }}
    <!-- This is the real file input element. -->
      accept="image/png, image/jpeg"

The script

The accompaniment to the template above, the Javascript below contains the various event handlers and demonstrates how the file is actually uploaded to the Firebase Cloud Storage, which is pretty much based from their excellent documentation.

A few things that might need some clarification are the use of $refs and $firebase.

$refs is basically any DOM element or component registered with the ref attribute. You may have noticed in the template our file input element with the attribute ref="imageFile". This allows us to easily access the element just by using the $refs property. Without the attribute, the alternative would have to use querySelector or querySelectorAll in order access the file input element.

The $firebase is the Firebase object that we've injected with the use of plugins. You can know more about how this was done by reading my previous post about connecting a Nuxt application with Firebase.

export default {
  data () {
    return {
      blog: {},
      isUploadingImage: false,
      isDeletingImage: false
  methods: {
    launchImageFile () {
      // Trigger the file input click event.
    uploadImageFile (files) {
      if (!files.length) {
      const file = files[0]

      if (!file.type.match('image.*')) {
        alert('Please upload an image.')

      const metadata = {
        contentType: file.type

      this.isUploadingImage = true

      // Create a reference to the destination where we're uploading
      // the file.
      const storage = this.$firebase.storage()
      const imageRef = storage.ref(`images/${file.name}`)

      const uploadTask = imageRef.put(file, metadata).then((snapshot) => {
        // Once the image is uploaded, obtain the download URL, which
        // is the publicly accessible URL of the image.
        return snapshot.ref.getDownloadURL().then((url) => {
          return url
      }).catch((error) => {
        console.error('Error uploading image', error)

      // When the upload ends, set the value of the blog image URL
      // and signal that uploading is done.
      uploadTask.then((url) => {
        this.blog.imageUrl = url
        this.isUploadingImage = false
    deleteImage () {
        .then(() => {
          this.blog.imageUrl = ''
        .catch((error) => {
          console.error('Error deleting image', error)

You can see how I used the above snippets for this blog along with its full source code from the repo.