Connecting Your Universal Nuxt Application with Firebase

Connecting Your Universal Nuxt Application with Firebase cover image

Photo by Toa Heftiba on Unsplash

Getting your application to start communicating with Firebase is pretty easy.

Nuxt Plugins

Plugins let you set up external modules or packages, or run custom Javascript code before the root Vue.js application is instantiated. Think of it as a way of introducing your application to other modules or packages, or custom code, the Nuxt way.

Essentially, we want to be able to use the Firebase Javascript library and to do so we must first initialise it and make it known to our Nuxt application and the best way to do this is through plugins.

The plugin file plugins/firebase.js:


import firebase from 'firebase/app'
import 'firebase/firestore'

export default ({ env, store }, inject) => {
  const firebaseConfig = {
    apiKey: 'api-key',
    authDomain: '',
    databaseURL: '',
    projectId: 'project-id',
    storageBucket: '',
    messagingSenderId: 'sender-id',
    appId: 'app-id',
    measurementId: 'G-measurement-id'

  if (!firebase.apps.length) {
    // Initialize Firebase

  inject('firebase', firebase)

There are a number of things that we're doing here:

  1. We initialise the Firebase SDK by providing our app's Firebase project configuration.

  2. We only include the Firebase features that we need, which is firestore.

  3. And since we want to have access to the Firebase object across the app (e.g. context, Vue components, Vuex store), we inject the Firebase object into the context as well as into the Vue instances using the inject function.

Nuxt Configuration

After creating the file, we need to make Nuxt aware of it by adding it into our nuxt.config.js file:


** Plugins to load before mounting the App
plugins: [


Since we made the Firebase object accessible across the app, using it becomes straightforward. Depending on where we need a Firebase feature, we might access it using the context or this objects

With context

Whenever you have access to the context object like in the asyncData method, you can access the Firebase object like so:

export default {
  async asyncData (context) {
    const db =$firebase.firestore()

Or when context parameter is deconstructed:

export default {
  async asyncData ({ app }) {
    const db = app.$firebase.firestore()

In Vue instances

Once within the Vue instance lifecycle you can access the Firebase object via this:

export default {
  mounted () {
    const db = this.$firebase.firestore()

In Vuex store

You can also access the Firebase object via this when in the Vuex store:

export const mutations = {
  changeSomeValue (state, newValue) {
    const db = this.$firebase.firestore()


That's all there is to it!

Of course, there are other ways of integrating Firebase with a Nuxt application such as using community contributed open-source modules or creating a custom standalone Firebase service library that you can just include as and when needed.

Personally, I find that this is the most straightforward and closest to the Nuxt way of doing things. In the next articles, we'll be looking into the various features of Firebase, like Firestore, Authentication, and Storage.